Sustainable Societies
In reference to recent research in science and technology of sustainable societies it lays out a critical scope on the state-of-the-art rationale in terms of human interconnectedness with the world-around-us and diverse challenges contemporary societies face. Key points of interest are exemplified in terms of fostering the need to understand sustainable societies via a functional, versus dysfunctional, redefinition of society itself. Present research relating to studies that co-involve many science-based queries in which the examination of the coexistence of personal and interdisciplinary studies play key roles in better piecing together the human factor of improving societal harmonisation. Reflecting on historical and chronology-based research act as vital elements in improving the understanding of why and how contemporary societies sense detachment from what is sustainable and in what direction they are headed. This research is based on a worldwide growing concern of ideas and concepts that people from all scopes of life are probing. The concern can be correlated to human necessities in which needs and wants at an individual level coexist and frame day-to-day actions. The level of harmonisation societies exert is somewhat of a balancing-act in which large scoped challenges – such as loss of biodiversity, acute poverty and rising inequality – are at the centre of attention receiving bandage-like fixes that have been relatively inept. The need to rearrange nature-society relations is core at trying to comprehend the noise in society in which functionality, between the two, defines human sustainability. Noise, in this sense, is the busyness societies, especially contemporary, levy on an individual. This levy is weight. It is the individual’s level of effectiveness or participation, versus unproductiveness or imaginative state of thinking “outside the box”. Sustainable societies relate not only to lifestyle but to an aggregate thinking of where human survival starts and ends and whether it is from a top-down or bottom-up viewpoint. On a broadened scale the use of various bottom-line perspectives offers a number of viable notions in which threshold and trend like designs illustrate a lack of cohesiveness; over the last few decades this fragmentation has worsened mostly via cause-and-effect of self-indulgence and materialism. This continued fragmenting relationship is at a crossroad and transitional point in which forthcoming generations will work and live at a standard consequential of our actions.

The Internet
The past decade has seen an extreme argument in

access to knowledge and information. This is purely the result of the Internet. Global access to information has had, and continues to have, a profound impact on the way societies around the world view the individual, communities, nation states and the global division among elites and non-elites. Concurrently, this concept touches every aspect of the human life cycle. There are rules of which people must be conscious and observe to stay out of trouble and be accepted. The notion of obedience is key to the authority figure that supervises the activities of those who supposedly know no better. Those who believe to have the answers to life's complex questions usually fall into this role or, at any rate, those who declare themselves as having the answers dictate the whys and wherefores of how subordinate classes live. Throughout human history this type of surrendering one's will to the whims of another is to bury one's self beneath a layer of obedience, whether enforced or voluntary, suppressing subconscious tendencies bent toward personal strength. This strength-manifest, when exerted, is often considered rebellion or on a larger scale revolution. The authority, in this case, will often reply with the call for psychological counselling, medication, physical deterrence or force. At the Centre, we believe we are living in extraordinary times. If human beings were sheep, we would all live and obey without questioning the powers that be; yet, as we observe levels of individuality there is a global movement, via the Internet, to demand upon leadership and, consequentially, just decision making of the self-proclaimed, ordained, elected or hired authority to expound and be held responsible for ruling and decisions that effect other people.