GOVERNANCE CONSUMPTION ECOSYSTEM SERVICES GLOBALISATION
SUSTAINABILITY INDICES URBAN SUSTAINABILITY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

Globalisation and Internationalism
Globalisation is a process that poses deep implications for development and the environment at varying levels. It opens up new possibilities but also,
via local community-level norms, challenges the core notions of sustainable development. Globalisation binds political, economic, social and environmental processes together across national boundaries, continents and cultures. Internationalisation is the corporate process of globalisation, marketing and designing products and services for easy access to differing cultures and languages. Globalisation implies increased flows of goods, money and people but also of ideas and cultural
expression. This has made obsolete previously dominate ideas about what development is and how to encourage it. Under globalisation, the human experience has been slowly melding together, with the sharing of ideas and cohesive understanding of who are the most relevant development actors. It changes our conception of the main obstacles in sustainable development and the most relevant development interventions.

Types of globalisation
The Centre examines a number of research angles regarding the different aspects of globalisation and internationalisation. The
main focuses are the three main types of globalisation. Fittingly, the challenges for global governance of development and the environment, and the emergence of new global and regional institutions and organisations, have shifted the human experience from mere nationalistic sovereignty to a conglomerate-level of hegemony.

1. Political globalisation
Political globalisation refers to the amount of political cooperation that exists between different countries. This ties in with the belief that “umbrella” global organisations are better placed than individual states to prevent conflict. The League of Nations established after World War One was one of the pioneer establishments. Since then, global organisations such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO), United Nations (UN) and more regional organisations such as the European Union (EU) have been put together and increase the degree of political globalisation in which we live.

2. Economic globalisation
No national economy is an island. To varying degrees, national economies now influence one another and capital-rich invest in the poor. One who has better technology sells it to others who lack such technology. Products of an advanced country enter the markets of those countries that have demands for those products. Similarly, natural resources of developing countries are sold to developed countries due to high demand. Hence, globalisation predominantly is supported by an economic process involving the transfer of economic resources form one country to another.

3. Cultural globalisation:
Culture has increasingly become a commodity. Popular books and films have international markets. English movies are seen almost in all countries. Western pop music has become popular in developing countries. The reverse flow of culture is insignificant. The flow of culture is mainly from the North to the South. In the last few years Western media has been manoeuvring toward developing countries. Cultural globalisation has been facilitated by the information revolution, the spread of satellite communication, telecommunication networks, information technology and the Internet. This global flow of ideas, knowledge and values is likely to flatten out cultural differences between nations, regions and individuals. As this flow of culture is mainly from the centre to the periphery, from the North to the South and from the towns and cities to villages, it is village culture from poor countries which will be first to disintegration.
WORLD MAP OF MULTINATIONAL ECONOMIC GLOBALISATION