Special Issue 2, December 2018
Article Number: 06
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Development of a multiple risks measurement framework for urban resilience

Ebisudani, M., dos Muchangos, L.S., and Cortes, A.C.
Pages 430-432

Abstract—Over the last decade, the concept of resilience has been introduced in national and local policies, along with the
rapid increase in research which has considered ways to assess resilience. Particularly in the urban resilience debate, an
understanding of multiple risks is essential, as risks become more complicated and diversified with increased urbanization.
This study presents an urban resilience measurement framework, considering key urban systems dimensions: institution and
governance; socio-economy; urban ecology and technical; and urban stock. The framework relies on several analytical
methodologies to comprehensively address the urban system dimensions, and focuses on introducing other possible
quantitative methodologies, which helps with determining and prioritizing multiple risks and analyzing different stakeholders.
This study further develops a previous framework [3], by applying four phases: Determination, Prioritization, Measurement,
and Analysis. Firstly, determination and prioritization of the multiple risks threatening urban resilience is conducted through
the application of structural modeling methods’ Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) and the Decision-Making Trial and
Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL). This stage also aids understanding of the hierarchical structure and cause-effect
relationships among those multiple risks. Secondly, the city capacity to cope with the most significant risk is evaluated through
the application of existing indicators, combined with geographical information tools. Lastly, analysis of the gaps and
opportunities in policy and planning are identified by conducting a Stakeholder Analysis (SA) and a Social Networking
Analysis (SNA) of interactions among stakeholders. The outputs from the application of this framework can inform policy and
practices in relation to the identification and adoption of proactive measures to ensure functioning resilient and sustainable
urban areas.

Keywords—assessment, framework, sustainable cities, urban resilience, urban systems