Special Issue 2, December 2018
Article Number: 08
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Analysis of degradation kinetics of Naphthalene and Acenaphthene on industrial sludge of lubricant refinery by anaerobic degradation

Sabetifard, S.H., Kazemi Moayed, H., and Daneshfar, M.A.
Pages 512-516

Abstract—This research deals with harmonization of groundwater and the energy nexus in the state of Haryana, in the arid
Trans-Gangetic plain (India), which is faced with ecologically unsustainable groundwater abstractions with significantly
higher energy footprints in food production. Detailed analysis conducted with the aid of standard research tools established
that water and energy intensive cropping system and the highly energy inefficient 0.75 million pumpsets deployed for water
extraction- both facilitated by public policies, were responsible for the emerging situation. An ecologically compatible
cropping pattern, which envisages reallocation of crop areas, accompanied by water and energy smart agro-hydro-technologies,
reducing irrigation requirement by 9.88 billion cubic meters(BCM), and thereby eliminating the need for groundwater over
draft, has been designed. Based on the results of pilot studies under ‘Agriculture Demand Side Management’ programme,
which had indicated scope for increasing pumping efficiencies from the existing level of 35 per cent to 50 per cent, introduction
of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) labelled pumpsets is advocated. The suggested intervention could afford a saving of
3465 million kWh of energy, annually. Additionally, these interventions would also yield a reduction of the order of 5243
million kg CO2e in GHGs, thereby harmonizing the water-energy-food nexus. Implementation of desired changes would
require a relook at water, energy and crop pricing policies.

Keywords—anaerobic degradation, arrhenius equation, degradation kinetics, industrial sludge, lubricant refinery