Human Geography
Human geography is a major subdiscipline within the wider subject field of geography. Traditionally, geography is considered the study of the Earth’s environments and peoples, and the interactions between them. Geography comes from ancient Greek, literally translating as ‘to write or describe the world’. The two fundamental halves of geography are physical and human. Physical geography generally means the science of the Earth’s surface, while human geography usually refers to the study of its peoples, and geographical interpretations of economies, cultural identities, political territories and societies. Physical geographers classify and analyse landforms and ecosystems, explain hydrological, geomorphological and coastal processes, and examine problems such as erosion, pollution and climatic variability. Human geographers analyse population trends, theorise social and cultural change, interpret geopolitical conflict and seek to explain the geography of human economic activities around the world.

The 'Human' in Human Geography
Human geographers tend to explore social, economic, cultural, political and demographic dimensions of human existence, and situate analysis in geographical space (conceptualised across and between scales from the body to the city, nation and globe). While diversity defines contemporary human geography, there are common questions of geographical scale, causality, agency and structure, interrelationships and networks, place and movements. Human geographers are concerned with observed distributions and analytical explanation. They invariably focus on the spatial and, whether implicit or explicit, reflect on the moral and political dimensions of human activities. The Centre has strong human geography expertise and experience. It has a vast array of globally distributed researchers with specialisations in developing world geography includes research and project expertise in Africa, Asia with hotspot research in Southeast Asia and Latin America. Other key topics include global health; remote sensing; demographics, migration and population trends; transportation; food and agriculture; and geographic information systems (GIS). The Centre's scope of the 'Human' in “Human Geography” refers to civilisation and society, while 'Geography' refers to the relations of proximity and distance and spatial patterns. For the Centre, human geography is thus about societies and their spatial patterns and relations.